How to certify organic products in India


Certification of Organic Products logos

One question about that every farmer is thinking is a matter of organic certification of organic products. What is the benefit of getting certification by paying heavily registration fee? The answer is so simple a guarantee of purity of organic products. If any institute gives you a warranty that product is pure ten it will boost your customers. According to the new policy by “Food Safety and Standard Authority India” (FSSAI), farmers can get organic certification for farming and organic products by the following methods.

Participatory Guarantee System for India (PGS Certification)

Participatory Guarantee System (PGS certification) is used to check and get organic certification for products. These organic certified products are sold in the local market.PGS certification has played its pioneer role in the surety of pure organic products. It has been providing its services for decades.PGS certification model is based on trust, transparency, and relationship. It provides mutual support events and education activities. 50,000 farmers from different countries and states have joined the last committee session. A group of five farmers will have to apply collectively to get the certification. Registration of new farmers takes 3 years in inspection then certification. In every session, 12 days inspection is necessary for each farmer.

A farmer can get certification for organic products in the following fields.

  • Produce organic crops
  • Livestock products
  1. Aquaponics products

  • Mushroom Products.


National Programme for Organic Production (NPOP)

NPOP is an important body of certification for organic products. It has given authority to local organic farmers to produce pure products that can be exported. It has given 29 unions this authority to give certification to organic producers and exporters. This “National Programme” helps for certification bodies, encouragement of organic production, and development of organic farming. These standards adopted by the NPOP are also recognized by the European Union Commission (EU), Switzerland, and USDA. USDA organic certification is considered the best institute for organic foods. So the export of organic products to these countries becomes easy. India has flourishes its organic products exports in the last five years. Farmers need their years for new certifications and customers already practising organic farming to need one year for inspection. NPOP certifies organic producers for the following processes.

  1. Inspection of Organic fields


  • Certification of Organic farming


  • Farmer Groups


  • Organic products certification


  • Organic products processors


  • Traders and exporters


  • Wild collection units


Except for these two major agencies, many other bodies certify organic products. Some are recognized at local/national level others are understood standards on the international level. We can make categories of these agencies into two main components.

  1. International certification agencies
  2. Indian certification agencies

Indian Certification Agencies

The Indian government is focusing on the organic farming program. So they are focusing on the organic farmers to certify organic products. These certified organic have a greater local and international market. For Local and International export some prominent bodies are mentioned.

Agricultural and Processed food products Export Development   Authority (APEDA)
Spice Board
Tamil Nadu Organic Certification Department
Tea Board
Coffee Board

International Certification Agencies

International Agencies focus on food certification for the import and export of organic products. These organizations review the local bodies of certification and give surety to the organic buyer that products are healthier and pure. Some major organizations are given below.

California Certified Organic Farmers
International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements
Organic Farming Research Foundation (OFRF)
Institute for Marketecology (IMO)


Organic certification is adopted to achieve the following goals.

  • Access to Global Market:-

Organic farming is in trend and demanding in local, regional and international markets so we can get maximum benefits through adopting this method of farming. Certification is required to identify and give surety that products are pure, healthy, and organic.

  • Eco-friendly Agriculture:-

Organic products are pure and free from any contamination. Their certification will lead the people to buy organic products to make the environment healthy.

  • Boost up Economy:-

Organic product certification will lead to higher demands in regional and global markets so it will develop your economy.

Problems Faced In Organic Certification

  • It takes a long time to certify organic products and farming. It can take 2-3 years for inspection only.
  • The farmer has to pay the fee charges for registration.
  • Farmers will have to make a group of five or more farmers for registration.
  • Every crop is needed to be inspected thrice in single-season so it is time-consuming.

The government of India has taken some important steps to promote organic farming and its certification. Certified farmers will be subsidized through helping in technology advancement and training.

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